The foremost illustrator of Paul Eluard, Valentine Hugo was active in the Surrealist movement in the early thirties. Primarily a book illustrator she produced illustrations for several writer beloved by the Surrealists, notably Lautreamont’s Les Chants de Maldoror, Arthur Rimbaud and the Marquis De Sade’s Eugenie de Franvel.
Above is one of her graceful dotted drawings which also incorporates elements found in Exquisite Corpses; several of the best examples from the Golden Age of Surrealism feature Valentine as a collaborator.
Spain produced some of the finest surrealist visual artists, all of whom gravitated to Paris in the twenties. Picasso, although assiduously courted by Andre Breton was never officially part of the movement, however he remained a sympathetic fellow traveller, contributing to Surrealist periodicals and drawing inspiration from Surrealist techniques. Other heavyweights more directly involved were Joan Miro, an important innovator in pictorial automatism; the Surrealist film-maker par excellence Luis Bunuel, and of course the most outrageous Surrealist of them, Salvador Dali. Continue reading →